Solana is a layer-1 blockchain protocol that creates historical records of time with connected proofs of time or time stamps using the PoH (Proof of History) consensus mechanism before the PoS (Proof of Stake) consensus mechanism. Solana has a high transactional throughput of up to 50,000 transactions per second because of its hybrid consensus process. The throughput can also be increased to a maximum of 100,000 transactions per second. Solana does not need any layer-2 scaling solutions because it can easily attain massive processing power on the first layer.

Decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts can be developed on the blockchain. More than 200 projects are currently driven by Solana’s ecosystem, with many more in the pipeline.

Cardano / ADA

Cardano, or ADA, is a smart contract-enabled third-generation protocol that is assisting in the development of the DeFi ecosystem. Cardano makes use of the Ouroboros consensus mechanism, which is a Cardano Foundation-developed verification system in which users stake their ADA tokens to participate in the validation process. This process is superior to the Proof of Stake mechanism since staking is only required when a snapshot of the network is obtained. The staked ADA can be freely moved around and utilized to join in the DeFi at other times.

Its transactional performance is increased by using the RINA (Recursive InterNetwork Architecture) technology, which divides the primary network into several subnetworks that communicate with one another.

Cardano was co-founded by Jeremy Wood and built by Charles Hoskinson, one of the co-founders of Ethereum.

Despite being a third-generation protocol, Cardano addresses the same scaling challenges as Solana, a first-layer solution that is relatively new to the DeFi arena. Because of its higher transaction throughput, Solana is gaining traction. Cardano is falling behind due to regular improvements, such as the addition of smart contracts.

Market Capitalization & Performance

The market capitalization of each blockchain platform is in the billions of dollars. In the global crypto market, Cardano is the fifth-largest cryptocurrency, whereas Solana is the sixth-largest cryptocurrency. A coin with a higher market cap is considered to be safer. It cannot, however, guarantee that the crypto markets will not be volatile.

Cardano has a market capitalization of $64.69 billion, whereas Solana has a market capitalization of $51.47 billion. In terms of volume, both cryptocurrencies are in a head-to-head battle. According to Coinmarketcap, Solana has a 24-hour trading volume of $2.82 billion, while Cardano only has a 24-hour trading volume of $2.64 billion.

The platforms had their shining moments in 2021, with enormous growth.

Solana began its voyage at $2 in early 2021 and is now valued at over $200, a gain of almost 10,000 percent. Cardano’s ADA, which was valued at $0.18 at the start of 2021 and is now worth close to $2, has grown by almost 1000 percent in that time.

Cardano’s rise can be linked to the Alonzo Hard fork’s recent implementation of smart contract functionalities. Simultaneously, Solana’s foray into the NFT arena with Degenerate Apes has triggered the present price surge. Because of the selling of this collection of costumed apes, Solana was able to generate over $66 million in trade volumes at the same time.



  • Solana now has over a thousand validators on its network, a number that has increased by about 100 percent in just a few months.
  • The network has strict security mechanisms in place, with 75 percent of SOL tokens staked, making it particularly resistant to attacks.


  • Cardano now has smart contract capabilities, which were just acquired as a consequence of the Alonzo Hard Fork. As a result, DeFi systems have begun to gravitate toward Cardano.
  • Users can build their own staking pools or delegate their ADA to exist ones using the Ouroboros consensus mechanism.
  • Another significant enhancement for ADA is the separation of the base layer into a Cardano Settlement Layer (CSL) and a Cardano Computational Layer (CCL) (CCL).
  • This extra layer will aid in understanding why transactions are being transferred, increasing the platform’s transparency and traceability.

Which Is DeFi’s Favorite?

Solana and Cardano are both helping to accelerate Defi adoption by delivering higher speed and lower transaction fees. Cardano is attempting to increase its Defi share by integrating smart contracts. In this regard, Cardano’s venture capital arm, EMURGO, has put $100 million into the Cardano Defi ecosystem.

Solana is gradually establishing itself as a go-to location for DeFis App functionality.
This year, its TVL increased from $900 million to $10 billion. Solana-based projects Port Finance and Solend are competing to perform as decentralized banks.

Both Solana and Cardano solve Ethereum’s lack of scalability, security, and high energy consumption issues. Solana uses the Proof of History mechanism, while Cardano employs the Proof of Stake mechanism to remove the bottlenecks of the Proof of Work consensus.

Proof History Vs. Proof Of Stake

Solana and Cardano both address Ethereum’s scalability, security, and high energy consumption. To overcome the bottlenecks of the Proof of Work consensus, Solana uses the Proof of History mechanism, while Cardano uses the Proof of Stake technique.

Solana uses timestamps to process over 50,000 transactions per second, significantly lowering the amount of data required for consensus. By validating transactions on the blockchain nodes directly, the PoH consensus process minimizes workload.

Cardano used the Ouroboros system, an upgraded version of the PoS consensus mechanism, to confirm transactions through a sequence of random payouts granted to validators on its staking system.

The Ouroboros mechanism is a peer-reviewed and research-based protocol that lends security to the Cardano network by employing mathematically validated processes.